Sculpture in Chinese literally means "to carve and shape". It is a plastic art and a visual art in three-dimensional space. Three-dimensional space refers to the magnitude of length, width, and depth. Sculptures can be solid (full), hollow, linear in shape, etc.
Form: There are sculptures in the round (statues), which can be viewed from different angles. Sculptures in (partial) relief are: high relief, low relief and sunken relief.
High relief is a semi-three-dimensional shape.
The bas-relief is modeled or carved with relief effects of different shades on a flat surface.
Sunken relief is line carving, that is a shape carved with lines on a flat surface. It can also be divided into positive carving and negative carving. The positive carving can be viewed as a whole and the negative carving can be viewed partially.
Subject matter: Both in China and abroad, traditional sculptures mainly focus on figurative objects, while modern sculptures, in addition to figurative themes, mainly pursue the form of abstract ideas.
Material: stone, metal, wood, jade, ceramic, bamboo, etc. Modern sculptures are freer in terms of materials and creative techniques. A plaster model can produce sculptures with different textures, including stainless steel sculptures, stone sculptures, copper sculptures, jade sculptures, wood sculptures, rubber sculptures, etc. Method: through welding, carving, stamping, etc. Therefore, whether it is a large sculpture or a small sculpture, a one-by-one clay sculpture is usually made first.